Three main theories exist regarding the Establishment Clause.The first view is Jefferson’s “strict separation”, which seeks … "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" (the Establishment Clause) "or prohibiting the free exercise thereof" (the Free Exercise Clause).As constitutional scholar George Goldberg stated, "It was equally agreed that, just as the federal government should be … The Establishment Clause properly understood does not require otherwise. The establishment clause sets up a line of demarcation between the functions and operations of the institutions of religion and government in our society. All states disestablished religion by 1833, and in the 1940s the Supreme Court held that disestablishment applies to state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment. The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." In other words, the law written by Thomas Jefferson makes the claim that God exists. Alternatives to the Lemon test have used in Establishment Clause cases since 1971. Collectively the first 10 amendments are called “The Bill of Rights.” At the time of its adoption, it was common for European countries to have an official church. A major example is in the 2002 case Zelman v.Simmons-Harris.The case centered on a voucher program where parents could choose to have their children attend religious or nonreligious private schools if a local public school failed. The first part of this provision is known as the Establishment Clause, and the second part is known as the Free Exercise Clause. The language of the Establishment Clause itself applies only to the federal government (“Congress shall pass no law respecting an establishment of religion”). The two "religion clauses" of the First Amendment appear at the beginning of the Amendment. However, that very law acknowledges God and does so explicitly. Religion. The Establishment Clause prevents the government, whether it be federal, state, or local, from establishing an official religion. to give citizens the right to form religious groups ... explain how the geologist knows the relative age of the intrusion compared with the gravel Briefly explain the current idea about how the Grand Canyon formed. It is part of the First Amendment to the US Constitution. What is the purpose of the establishment clause? The Court deferred to Jefferson because Jefferson wrote the law upon which Congress based the Establishment Clause, the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. The Establishment Clause should be understood, then, as an attempt both to (1) prohibit such an establishment at the national level, and (2) offer protection of each state’s right to maintain such an establishment within its own borders. 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