Also can be grown in borders, but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for this placement. Tradescantia virginiana (Spiderwort) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic This showy native, whose genus name honors naturalist John Tradescant, grows in scattered pockets throughout the eastern half of the United States. T. virginiana, a Southern classic, is also known as spiderwort. Tradescantia virginiana belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Dr. Koichi Goka Invasive Species Research Team, Environmental Risk Research Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan Replace “(at)” with “@”. Wildflower of the Year 2008 Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort is an herbaceous perennial that arises from a cluster of rather stout overwintering roots. Tradescantia is a creeping, succulent, multi-branching perennial herb that can form a dense ground cover and root freely at nodes. It’s also known as wandering gypsy plant, wandering trad, wandering willie, or inch plant. Brickell C 2016. In Missouri it is typically found in moist woodland valleys, ravines and slopes in … In 1637 his son brought a Spiderwot plant back to England from North America where it became a favorite.Virginiana indicates that it is from Virginia. Tradescantia virginiana. Stems are smooth or bear scattered short hairs. Tradescantia / ˌ t r æ d ɪ ˈ s k æ n t i ə / is a genus of 75 species of herbaceous perennial wildflowers in the family Commelinaceae, native to the New World from southern Canada to northern Argentina, including the West Indies.Members of the genus are known by the common names spiderwort or Indian paint. Used as a ground cover, but can be invasive. Also grown in the garden is the common spiderwort, or widow’s tears (T. virginiana), an upright juicy-stemmed plant with white to pink or purple flowers. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia Spiderwort) is a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial with long, erect or arching, bright-green, narrow leaves. There are approximately 70 species of this perennial plant, with the Virginia variety being one of the most common. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Tradescantia virginiana L. – Virginia spiderwort Subordinate Taxa. Other names for this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort. There are dozens of plants that share a close relation to the spiderwort, including The Wandering Jew plant. Further reading. Luckily each plant produces many of them, in leisurely succession. The name 'wort' was generally given to a plant that was used for medicinal purposes. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals. Description. Arching, iris-like, dark green leaves up to 1' long and 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove. Medium-sized forb (40 cm) of dry open forests; leaves lanceolate with swollen clasping bases; flowers purple, clustered at the top of the stem, borne singly on hairy, dropping stalks; sepals green with dense non-glandular hairs. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, a spring-blooming flower with long, strappy leaves, is a very hardy North American native perennial that is widely grown for its weeks-long bloom period. Flowers bloom in succession from late May into early July. WHY NATIVES. Close-up of flowers on Sweet Kate. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. T. spathacea (Rhoeo spathacea) has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage. Key Characteristics. This perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort (Tradescantia spp. Sun or shade; regular to ample water. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Tradescantia pallida ‘Variegata' produces striped pink-and-red foliage. May self-sow and become somewhat invasive. Tradescantia species that are now regarded as invasive weeds, include Tradescantia zebrina (inch plant), Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily), Tradescantia pallida (purple queen) and Tradescantia fluminensis (small-leaved spiderwort). A tough spiderwort for shady areas, blooming late spring into early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above slender stems. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Regions: Coastal Plain, Mountain, Piedmont, Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade, Habitat: wooded slopes, shale outcrops, moist fields, roadsides. With dark bluish-purple being the most common, white and/or white varigated with blue is the rarest. The plant is not self-fertile. From late spring to midsummer, the foliage is topped by small clusters of three-petaled, violet-blue to purple flowers, up to 2 in. Annapolis, Maryland 21403, 177 Admiral Cochrane Drive Leaves are 2—5 per… The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The name Tradescantia commemorates one of the most famous father and son teams in botany John Tradescant, Sr. (died 1638), who travelled to north Russia in 1618 and Algiers in 1620, and John Tradescant, Jr. (1608-1662), who travelled in Virginia in 1654. Good in pots or hanging containers. Named garden selections offer flowers in white, blue shades, lavender, purple, shades of pink from pale to near-red; these plants are often sold as Tradescantia x andersoniana or as members of the Andersonia Group. Its alternate name is tradescantia albiflora, although that name has fallen out of use. Spiderwort gets its name because the fluid that seeps from cut stems dries to look like a spider web. This also saves time and money. John Jr. … Spiderwort has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one day. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3810 plants and 23,676 images. It is easy to grow. Description. Stems may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and usually grow unbranched, reaching heights up to 40 cm tall. It can be invasive, but I don't mind! As the petals fade, they become almost translucent, giving them t… The spiderwort is one of an estimated 71-species in the family. A Missouri native plant that is commonly found on open wooded slopes and moist shaded bluff ledges in the eastern part of the State.Genus name honors John Tradescant (1570-1638) and his son John Tradescant (1608-1662), botanists and successive gardeners to Charles I of England.Specific epithet means of Virginia.When the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous stem secretion is released which becomes threadlike and silky upon hardening (like a spider's web), hence the common name. Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia Native Plant Society’s 2008 Wildflower of the Year. – A rare garden escape (most frequently a mere garden throw-out rather than an escape), found on dumps, by road verges,… First documented from wasteland in Charleroi in 1946 but surely neglected or overlooked for quite some time. Cultivars in this group are sometimes given the hybrid name designation Tradescantia x andersoniana . Tradescantia is considered a Category I exotic invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. However some photographs are copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be required. It can be used in pots or as ground cover, and it thrives in full sun with moderate water. Bloom color varies from purple-blues to rose red to, rarely, white. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. I found a massive wild population down under a local river bridge that covers several acres, and I've found just about every color you can imagine growing there. An interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, wild gardens or naturalized areas. Foliage sprawls in an unattractive manner by mid-summer. Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia Spiderwort. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database. (cult.) Tradescantia is not overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering once established. This plant has no children Legal Status. Tradescantia virginiana was named in honour of a gardener to the King of England - John Tradescant. To find out if a photograph requires permission contact here. Flowers bloom all summer. Divide clumps when crowded. In some regions, the sale of these species is banned. T. ohiensis has glabrous flower stalks and sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves. Tradescantia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Virginia spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, is a perennial native to the deciduous forests of the eastern United States. Annapolis, MD 21401. small-leaf spiderwort Small-leaf spiderwort ( Tradescantia fluminensis ). Tradescantia ernestiana, sometimes commonly called woodland spiderwort, is a clump-forming perennial that is native to Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Compared to look-alike species, Tradescantia virginiana has narrower blades, smoother sepals and no glaucous leaf and stem surfaces. (cult.) PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS OF CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED, Native Plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, U.S. By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. The anther tapetum inTradescantia virginiana L. is of the invasive plasmodial type: the cells lose their walls during early spore meiosis and develop long invasion processes which invade the loculus to penetrate spaces between the sporogenous cells. Most photographs may be used for educational purposes only. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. Virginia Spiderwort is a herbaceous clump-forming perennial in the dayflower family that is native to the eastern and central USA and is found in the Piedmont of NC. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The Plants Database includes the following 33 species of Tradescantia . This American hybrid selection has beautiful narrow foliage in a unique steel-blue shade, forming a compact mound that is studded with a summer-long display of … The common spiderwort plant is part of the Tradescantia genus. Tradescantia virginiana, or Virginia spiderwort, was the first Tradescantia species described. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Tradescantia virginiana hort. Key Characteristics. Young shoots are susceptible to snail damage. It sometimes escapes but I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are not up yet. across (5 cm), adorned with showy yellow stamens. No serious insect or disease problems. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Rarely rose or white, Tolerate: clay soil, Black Walnut plant that is known... 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