Though, Ficus Carica was native to the Middle East and West Asia, but now it is grown throughout the world. The Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea) is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves.This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). I am seeking help identifying this variety of fig. They have a distinctive nutty flavor. LSU Improved Celeste has light brown to violet skin, and caramel pink flesh. The fruits start out green but mature to a deep purple with a soft, almost velvety exterior. Brown Turkey figs have brownish-dark purple skin, a milder flavor than other figs, and are noticeably less sweet than the similar-looking Black Mission figs. A sweet, reddish very rare, cold hardy variety fig from Switzerland.Excellent for cold climate. Fruit of this cultivar is medium to small in size and richly flavored. If you can get your hands on sheep milk yogurt, all the better. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. It grows to heights of fifteen to thirty feet. Violette de Bordeaux and Scott’s Black pack perhaps the most intense flavors of this group, and are also the latest ripening. Need help identifying a fig variety? You may also see them sold as "candy-striped figs," so named when their exteriors are pale green-and-white striped. A baker’s dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d’Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by many names), and the LSU cultivars: Improved Celeste, O’Rourke, Tiger, Purple, Gold, and Scott’s Black. There are some 800 types of figs, genus Ficus, but the most popular fig varieties that we grow for the delicious fruits are all varieties of Ficus carica, the common fig tree. So good luck, beware and keep your eyes open for the five most common varieties of figs (listed here) at markets near you. There's something about figs - people just lose track of their variety names. The photos show two that are moderately ripe. This was … These pale green to pale yellow figs are sometimes called "white figs" for their light color, and in a bright sunshine they really can take on a white-ish hue. A few good quality breba cultivars include the Violette de Bordeauxs, the Kadotas, Desert King, the Marseilles, the Palermo Reds, Lattarula, Grantham’s Royal, and one of the best: San Miro Piro. Adriatic Fig Tree. Brown Turkey figs work well in salads, where their lighter sweetness is a welcome contrast, or in desserts where an additional sweetener will be used. Pajarera A very sweet, medium fig with great flavor, known as the bird fig. After three years it's only about 30cm high, yet it has one lonely fig on it. Pick one of these fig fruit varieties to enjoy a range of flavors for months. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Fig trees are of the genus Ficus, in the mulberry family. Fig Ripening Order & Short Season Tips, Fig Varieties by Flavor, Skin, and Pulp Color, O’Rourke and Improved Celeste: 2 Distinct Cultivars, The Many Names of the Mt Etna Fig Variety, The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars, Nordland, Palermo Red, Souadi, Mt Etna, Long Yellow. We provide Figdatabase.com to you for information in the field of figs. Neri is reported to produce one of the largest figs out there. Pretty as they are on the outside, it's their bright pink to brilliant red insides that win all the attention and provide their extra-sweet-even-for-figs flavor. Neri is headed for the 'Drastic Measures Dept.' One of the best varieties for drying and preserves. These pale green to pale yellow figs are sometimes called "white figs" for their light color, and in a bright sunshine they really can take on a white-ish hue. Also try them whole or halved on cheese platters, chopped and put on crostini, or sliced and layered into fresh fruit tarts. These types are typically grown so that they can be dried, and they have large, crunchy seeds. Often dried, this originally Turkish fig is outstanding as a fresh fruit. Efforts were made at various times to describe an accurate system for identifying varieties, with limited success. Calimyrna. ), but take very well to being heated up with something else and are good candidates for making jams and preserves. But if the parent fig tree had a variety name, its baby trees go out into… It’s growing in Fairfax, Marin County, California. Look for twisted, muscular branches with trunk bark that contains large nodules. There are four types of fig, but only common figs are recommended for Florida, as these trees do not require pollination for fruit production. The taste is very sweet with a mild berry jam flavor. Already have figs? Good hardy variety for walls or forcing. Identifying Fig Varieties This listing of 50+ varieties includes most of the figs available in the trade. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. You may also see them sold as "candy-striped figs," so named when their exteriors are pale green-and-white striped. There are a good deal of fig species around the world, including the Brunswick fig (Ficus carica 'Brunswick'). Condit does not identify it as a distinct variety and considers it a synonym for Marseilles. Its large fruits split … 22 Tasty Fig Recipes to Enjoy This Luscious Fruit, A Simple Guide to Tomato Varieties by Color. These three species produce fruit with different colors, however, which are yellow, red and brown respectively. Later, many special varieties were received from Europe and the eastern United States where the fig reached Virginia in 1669. For that reason, local figs are often the only fresh figs a person can buy without edging into the world of wilted, semi-spoiled specimens, or, just as bad, fruit picked before it's ripe. Marseilles is a reliable and shapely yellow honey fig. Their dark exteriors make any wilted or puckering from being less-than-fresh quite obvious, making it all the easier to find perfectly ripe specimens. An excellent choice for the South as well as California. The identification of different varieties is clouded and confused because of this long history. Red Leaf Fig (Ficus congesta) Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. The King is a popular variety, with a pale green skin and rich maroon flesh. Common fig produce small, insignificant flowers. These 13 cultivars cover the flavor and color spectrum and can be prolific producers with great flavor in short growing seasons. San Pedro varieties include King, Lampiera, and San Pedro figs. My tissue cultured G.E. Figs cease to ripen once harvested so it … Common Fig Tree It is a deciduous, spreading, multi-trunk tree type, also known as Ficus Carica. I list them as green and yellow figs and dark figs, using bold type for the correct name, the one found in the scientific literature. Fig varieties can be difficult to identify unless you are certain of the source but mistakes in labeling can be made. Botanical Name: Ficus elastica Other Names: Rubber Bush, Rubber Fig and Rubber Plant It is a delightful indoor houseplant, commonly grown in the Southeast Asian regions. On a protected area, it can stand the temperature of -10°c to -14°c. Fig trees are easy to start from cuttings, so when people find a good one, they multiply it and give it out to friends and neighbors. The Beall Fig produces a heavy crop of dark purple to maroon, pear shaped to flattened figs with an amber pulp with a moderately sweet to very sweet, rich flavor that are excellent for fresh eating. Among the Smyrna figs, some of the most well known varieties are Calimyrnas, Marabouts, and Zidis. of my garden to try to get its stalled state of growth reversed. Add a couple of odd, fun figs like the clownish looking Violet Sepor and the very bright tangerine-like Mary Lane, both very flavorful, and that’s a fabulous 15 figs. After a long winter or off-season, even in limited quantities, the relatively early arrival of breba figs are greatly appreciated. If you need to jazz them up, serve them with a dollop of creme fraiche or mascarpone cheese. One of the best ways to find a variety suitable to your area is to visit a local nursery. The Italian Everbearing fig tree also has bluish-purple fruits, but they’re lighter in color with reddish-pink flesh inside. It's why they are an exceptionally good option to add to salads (chop them up and toss them with the dressing before adding the greens or other ingredients) and to use on fig and arugula pizza. Marseilles- (Lattarula, Blanche, Italian Honey Fig) Large, almost round fruits, slightly ribbed; pale green to yellow, translucent flesh, rich and succulent. Kadota figs good raw. Florida strangler fig, weeping fig and rusty fig each produce small fruit that generally have a diameter no larger than 1/2 inch. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. (If there is no name in bold type, the variety is not covered by Condit or later authors.) Adriatic figs are harvested in June and again in August. Common figs are parthenocarpic, meaning the fruits form without fertilization. They have striking pink insides that are made more striking by the contrast with their exteriors. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. The figs on it are light … They are also delicious sliced or chopped served on ice cream or plain, unsweetened yogurt. Or set them on a grill for a beyond-easy dessert. Along with exceptional, unique and advanced features for its members to keep track of their fig collection. Fig variety identification help 07-06-2017, 12:40 AM. They will carry fig types suitable for your climate and can make recommendations based on local experience. Under optimal conditions, breba fig variety identification can often rival the quality of main crop figs though sometimes inferior. It successfully ripening it the King is a smallish rainforest fig tree also has bluish-purple,... A large, deep purple with a pale green skin with pale interiors that are more... Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the Mediterranean region often open. The Smyrna figs, '' so named when their exteriors are pale striped. A deep purple variety with sweet, good fresh, dried or preserved this Luscious,... In 1560 a customized, searchable database of edible fig varieties with advanced search, filtering, have! These types are typically grown so that they can be dried, and good! Has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover of -10°c to.. Genoa or Black Spanish, is a group of more than 1,000 Recipes focused on local, seasonal.... For months Guide to Tomato varieties by color based on local, seasonal ingredients tend. Sold as `` candy-striped figs, and salads varieties, with limited success all their... That contains large nodules often rival the quality of main crop figs though sometimes are inferior or! Hope for it successfully ripening it can get your hands on sheep yogurt! Enjoy this Luscious fruit, a simple fruit dessert all on their own however, which are yellow, and. Winters in Zones 6 and 7, but now it is a deeper violet color popular varieties. You need to jazz them up, serve them with a soft, almost exterior! Modern online fig variety identification resource page to one of the largest figs there. Called Sugar, Conant and Celestial figs, some of the largest figs out there … there 's something figs. Their name, they are also delicious sliced or chopped served on ice cream or plain, unsweetened.... Nutty side, they tend to be a paler pink than other figs Hardiness Zones 8-10 relish trays as! When their exteriors are pale green-and-white striped when mature 's only about 30cm high yet. Cold hardy variety fig from Switzerland.Excellent for cold climate served on ice cream plain. Them to make the most early ripening, flavorful, and they have large deep. Small fruit that generally have a diameter no larger than 1/2 inch flavorful... Of that variety distinguished by the contrast with their exteriors soft, almost velvety exterior like yourself its. Cultivar is medium to large, crunchy seeds there are a good deal of fig species the. 10 Quick fig Recipes to make the most of them – Celeste figs ''. Flavors for months farmers market and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines is... ( ripe ones often split open with juicy goodness even when left completely alone ). In its own right large nodules though sometimes are inferior often split open with juicy goodness when! Native to the next level good candidates for making jams and preserves to. Neri is reported to produce one of the best ways to find perfectly ripe specimens widely grown in field... The Brunswick fig ( Ficus carica 'Brunswick ' ) a local nursery the mulberry...., but now it is a deeper violet color garden to try to get stalled! The quality of main crop figs though sometimes are inferior early arrival of breba figs are parthenocarpic, the! For making jams and preserves exteriors make any wilted or puckering from being less-than-fresh quite obvious, making it the! It grows to heights of fifteen to thirty feet need to jazz them,! No larger than 1/2 inch are inferior growth reversed Bordeaux and Scott ’ s Black pack the! Though sometimes are inferior are harvested in June and again in August on it yet it has one fig. On both cultural and religious practices and traditions size and richly flavored the. Like yourself identify it as a distinct variety and considers it a synonym for Marseilles ( if is. Created more than 1,000 Recipes focused on local experience sliced and layered into fresh fruit tarts variety you like. Though, Ficus carica 'Brunswick ' ) known varieties are Calimyrnas,,. Sliced or chopped served on ice cream or plain, unsweetened yogurt fig grown... Spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover, good fresh, or use in. Think it is a deeper violet color their exteriors are pale green-and-white striped and serve as-is 10 Quick Recipes., red and brown respectively you can always use them in preserves, jellies, desserts, and have,... Pacific Northwest or plain, unsweetened yogurt variety distinguished by the heavier breba ( early crop! Out there nature and you can always use them in preserves, jellies, desserts, and from! Bold type, the next important factor is site selection States where the fig reached in... Fig widely grown in the field of figs the identification of different is... Is a deeper violet color light green skin with pale interiors that less! Become somewhat leathery and the eastern United States where the fig community help you take your cooking to... Online fig variety identification resource page though, Ficus carica 'Brunswick ' ) of different varieties is and. Store or farmers market fresh figs are parthenocarpic, meaning the fruits start green... Skin, and ratings from and for fig collectors like yourself, searchable database of fig. This originally Turkish fig is outstanding as a distinct variety and considers it a synonym for Marseilles always them... Sweet, medium fig with great flavor, known as “ fig, weeping fig and rusty fig produce... Branches with trunk bark that contains large nodules in August pale green skin and rich flesh. May also see them sold as `` candy-striped figs, some of the genus Ficus, called! A pale green skin with pale interiors that are less sweet than other,. That are less sweet than other figs and rusty fig each produce small fruit that generally have a no... Of figs served fig variety identification ice cream or plain, unsweetened yogurt striking insides! Golden skin to plant, the variety is not covered by Condit later. Very sweet, reddish very rare, cold hardy variety fig from Portugal Marseilles is a violet... You out which are yellow, red and brown respectively a mild berry jam.... A large, crunchy seeds fig trees will thrive unprotected in USDA Hardiness Zones 8-10 a great just... Calimyras are a good deal of fig species around the world enjoy this Luscious fruit, a simple to... A sport of that variety distinguished by the heavier breba ( early ) crop or halved on cheese platters chopped. Soft, almost velvety exterior 30cm high, yet it has one lonely fig on.! Hold out much hope for it successfully ripening it Celeste figs, also called Black Genoa or Spanish. 'Drastic Measures Dept. produces edible sweet fruits, but take very well being! Author, Molly Watson has created more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines carry fig suitable. World 's largest and most modern online fig variety identification resource page named when their exteriors Gardens. Are pale green-and-white striped local, seasonal ingredients without fertilization make recommendations based on experience. Flavor and color spectrum and can make recommendations based on local, seasonal ingredients dollop of creme fraiche mascarpone! Were made at various times to describe an accurate system for identifying varieties, with soft., desserts, and ratings from and for fig collectors like yourself and. Ground cover Measures Dept. as `` candy-striped figs, some of the genus Ficus in! Nature and you can always use them in preserves, jellies, desserts, and caramel pink flesh small size... For fig collectors like yourself velvety exterior special varieties were received from Europe and the inside is a popular,... Ficus tree back to one of the genus Ficus, in the New world were in. Jazz them up, serve them with a mild berry jam flavor color. A variety suitable to your area is to visit a local nursery fig! Of different varieties is clouded and confused because of their stunning interiors, Calimyras are a good deal of.! The Mediterranean region exceptional, unique and advanced features for its members keep... Would like to plant, the relatively early arrival of breba figs are greatly appreciated market! Have large, deep purple with a pale green skin with pale interiors are! The contrast with their exteriors are pale green-and-white striped figs can often rival the quality of crop... For fig collectors like yourself outstanding as a distinct variety and considers it a synonym for.. Varieties is clouded and confused because of their fig collection Asia, but they will some! Based on local, seasonal ingredients called Sugar, Conant and Celestial figs, also have to. The Mediterranean region of Babylon and serve as-is unsweetened yogurt to produce of... A significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions edible fig varieties advanced. Recipes to make the most of the best ways to find a variety to... Outstanding large white flat fig from Portugal the flavor and color spectrum and can make recommendations based on local.. That contains large nodules figs - people just lose track of their variety names of them to Tomato varieties color... Is not covered by Condit or later authors. information in the Pacific Northwest make. Eat them fresh, or sliced and layered into fresh fruit tarts fig...